Novosibirsk Russia History
At the foot of the Ural Mountains, Yekaterinburg has become one of Russia's most important cultural and economic centers and a center of political activity. Now, in Novosibirsk and the surrounding region, the most dramatic and unusual election campaign Russia has seen in a long time is unfolding.
In 1991, the city was a closed Soviet city, but opened its doors and became one of the most dynamic cities in Russia. In the 21st century, Novosibirsk became the first Russian city to exceed 1.5 million inhabitants. Growth has accelerated and is now one of Russia's most industrialized cities. Today, the city has a population of almost one million, more than half of whom work in the oil and gas industry.
During this time the city became an important supply base for the Red Army and its industry was promoted during the Second World War, when many factories were evacuated. In an effort to reduce the number of workers in the Soviet Union's industrial base in western Russia, more than 50 major factories were moved from western Russia to Novosibirsk, where they were crammed and scratched.
As a result of this progressive industrialization, Novosibirsk grew rapidly and became one of the Soviet Union's most important industrial centers in the 1930s and 1940s. The Trans-Siberian Railway was part of a Russian railway network that grew from 1,000 miles in 1860 to 45,000 miles in 1917. When the Turkestan-Siberian Railway (TurkSib) connected Central Asia with Siberia in 1931, it became the largest transport hub in Asian Russia. Economic growth in and around the city received a big boost when the railway connected it with Leninsk and Kuznetsky in 1934.
The official timeline of Novosibirsk is quite recent, as various settlements have developed here over the centuries. In 1925 the western Siberian region was divided into Novo-NovosIBIRsk and became the second largest city of the Soviet Union (after Moscow) in terms of population.
The formerly closed city of Nizhny Novgorod was a center of military industry during the Soviet era and is said to have been the construction site of the first Soviet tank. During Soviet times, the site housed secret biological weapons research and is now the headquarters of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the National Institute of Biological Sciences. In the 1960s, the Akadem gorodok consisted of a number of universities, including the University of Novosibirsk, Moscow University, and Moscow State University.
The Museum of Local History Omsk is the oldest museum in Siberia and shows the history of the Siberian Railway, including the construction and operation of stations, railway wagons, locomotives, trains and other equipment. The "Museum of Cosmic Glory" is Russia's largest museum dedicated to Russia and the important role OMSk played in the industry.
The first stop of the tour was to be the USSR Museum, where a huge statue of a former leader was enthroned. The USSR Museum and its leader will tell you the history of Russia, the Soviet Union and its history in Omsk, as well as the military history of Russia.
The Neo-Byzantine gilded dome is one of the most famous landmarks of Omsk and can be visited anywhere in the city.
The city was devastated by the Russian Civil War and recovered early in the Soviet era, and received its present name in 1926. It is the cultural capital of the country, like St. Petersburg, and reflects the history of Siberia's accession to Russia. The modest cathedral is one of the few of its kind in Russia, belongs to the Russian Orthodox Church and is compared to the most prominent and significant of all Russian cathedrals. Russian history and emphasizes the importance of Omsk as a cultural center and center of cultural life in Siberia.
Novosibirsk is the fourth city in Russia to have been affected by a metro system. The medieval cathedral was built during the reign of Tsar Alexander III, who oversaw the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway. It was a symbol of the lavish lifestyle that the tsars promoted for centuries until the Communist revolution. After its opening, the theatre with its large halls, theatre hall and opera house became a model for the greatest styles of the Soviet Empire.
The Telegraph praised the huge single-track railway system as "the greatest train journey in the world," stopping in cities such as Moscow, St Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Vladivostok, Rostov-on-Don and Chelyabinsk, and the Telegraph praised it as "the great train journeys of the world." Many regular intercity trains connect the city with other cities in Russia, such as Moscow and St. Petersburg. Trains leave from the main station at the end of the Trans-Siberian Railway and then continue to other stations.
Samara is ideally located on the banks of the Volga River, as river cruises to other cities along the Volga are popular. From Omsk it is easy to travel to Kazakhstan or travel by train or boat to any other Siberian city. Moscow is one of many, and Novosibirsk is also a main station along the Transiberian Route, with Yekaterinburg and Novosibirsk located just a few kilometres apart in eastern Russia. With Samara and its location, it is easier to travel further east in Russia and Central Asia.